Grandparent Rights in Arizona

| Divorce Family Law | August 18, 2020

There are a few reasons for grandparents to seek visitation or custodial rights over grandchildren. In this article we will focus on two main areas pursuant to Arizona Revised Statute 25-409 regarding third party rights. These two areas will be "visitation rights" and "custodial rights".

Visitation Rights

Often times during a marriage that children are born into, the grandparents on both sides are typically welcomed in by both parents. This, for all intents and purposes, is a “visitation” to the minor grandchild. This is typically considered a normal event for most grandparents and is usually handled outside of the courts simply by the permission of the guardian(s) of the child(ren).

This permission of visitation may become strained or even revoked after the parents have divorced or by other events. At this point if it becomes necessary, the grandparent(s) can seek visitation rights by petitioning the courts. A.R.S. § 25-409 C states:

C. Pursuant to section 25-402, subsection B, paragraph 2, a person other than a legal parent may petition the superior court for visitation with a child. The superior court may grant visitation rights during the child's minority on a finding that the visitation is in the child's best interests and that any of the following is true:

1. One of the legal parents is deceased or has been missing at least three months. For the purposes of this paragraph, a parent is considered to be missing if the parent's location has not been determined and the parent has been reported as missing to a law enforcement agency.

2. The child was born out of wedlock and the child's legal parents are not married to each other at the time the petition is filed.

3. For grandparent or great-grandparent visitation, the marriage of the parents of the child has been dissolved for at least three months.

4. For in loco parentis visitation, a proceeding for dissolution of marriage or for legal separation of the legal parents is pending at the time the petition is filed.

Custodial Rights

Grandparents may also request custodial rights over the minor grandchild. This of course as well as much of A.R.S. § 25-409 is themed in the “child’s best interest” and the petitioning party must supply evidence of that statement. These custodial rights may include legal decision making for the minor grandchild and/or physical placement of the minor child.

A.R.S. § 25-409 A-B states:

A. Pursuant to section 25-402, subsection B, paragraph 2, a person other than a legal parent may petition the superior court for legal decision-making authority or placement of the child. The court shall summarily deny a petition unless it finds that the petitioner's initial pleading establishes that all of the following are true:

1. The person filing the petition stands in loco parentis to the child.

2. It would be significantly detrimental to the child to remain or be placed in the care of either legal parent who wishes to keep or acquire legal decision-making.

3. A court of competent jurisdiction has not entered or approved an order concerning legal decision-making or parenting time within one year before the person filed a petition pursuant to this section, unless there is reason to believe the child's present environment may seriously endanger the child's physical, mental, moral or emotional health.

4. One of the following applies:

(a) One of the legal parents is deceased.

(b) The child's legal parents are not married to each other at the time the petition is filed.

(c) A proceeding for dissolution of marriage or for legal separation of the legal parents is pending at the time the petition is filed.

B. Notwithstanding subsection A of this section, it is a rebuttable presumption that awarding legal decision-making to a legal parent serves the child's best interests because of the physical, psychological and emotional needs of the child to be reared by a legal parent. A third party may rebut this presumption only with proof showing by clear and convincing evidence that awarding legal decision-making to a legal parent is not consistent with the child's best interests.

D. A petition filed under subsection A or C of this section must be verified or supported by affidavit and must include detailed facts supporting the petitioner's claim. The petitioner must also provide notice of this proceeding, including a copy of the petition and any affidavits or other attachments, and serve the notice pursuant to the Arizona rules of family law procedure to all of the following:

1. The child's legal parents.

2. A third party who possesses legal decision-making authority over the child or visitation rights.

3. The child's guardian or guardian ad litem.

4. A person or agency that possesses physical custody of the child or claims legal decision-making authority or visitation rights concerning the child.

5. Any other person or agency that has previously appeared in the action.

E. In deciding whether to grant visitation to a third party, the court shall give special weight to the legal parents' opinion of what serves their child's best interests and consider all relevant factors including:

1. The historical relationship, if any, between the child and the person seeking visitation.

2. The motivation of the requesting party seeking visitation.

3. The motivation of the person objecting to visitation.

4. The quantity of visitation time requested and the potential adverse impact that visitation will have on the child's customary activities.

5. If one or both of the child's parents are deceased, the benefit in maintaining an extended family relationship.

F. If logistically possible and appropriate, the court shall order visitation by a grandparent or great-grandparent if the child is residing or spending time with the parent through whom the grandparent or great-grandparent claims a right of access to the child.

G. A grandparent or great-grandparent seeking visitation rights under this section shall petition in the same action in which the family court previously decided legal decision-making and parenting time or, if no such case existed, by separate petition in the county of the child's home state, as defined in section 25-1002.

H. All visitation rights granted under this section automatically terminate if the child is adopted or placed for adoption. If the child is removed from an adoptive placement, the court may reinstate the visitation rights. This subsection does not apply if the child is adopted by the spouse of a natural parent after the natural parent remarries.

Speak with an Experienced Family Law Attorney

If you are a grandparent seeking visitation or custodial rights of your grandchild(ren) it is imperative that you consult with a trusted and experienced family law attorney. We are the family law attorneys of Duenas Eden Law, in Phoenix, Arizona. We will discuss with you the options and procedures to petition the court for your custodial or visitation rights. Our Office in the Ahwatukee area of Phoenix, AZ and we serve the communities of Ocotillo, Chandler, Laveen, Tempe, Mesa, Gilbert and San Tan Valley. Call today: (480) 285-1735.

At Duenas Eden, the health and safety of our employees and clients is of utmost importance. We are currently working remotely, but are available to address your individual needs. We have added new telephone numbers to better assist you. Please call or text attorney Amy Duenas at (602) 492-5636, attorney Dorian Eden at (480) 269–1731, or paralegal Chris Esparza at (480) 269-2158.  Our main office number of (480) 285-1735 is still being monitored hourly. Thank you for your patience during this difficult time for all.

Sources:
https://www.azleg.gov/ars/25/00409.htm


Military Divorce in Arizona

| Divorce Family Law | August 4, 2020

Thank You for Your Service

First and foremost Duenas Eden Law, PLC would like to thank all military veterans and their families for their incredible sacrifice and service to protect our freedom. In general the military creates a significant dynamic for its members that is different than the standard private civilian. This includes moving to different bases, in and out of the country, separating from other family and resources, as well as active deployment. If the service member is married, it adds an additional layer to this setting. For some spouses this dynamic becomes too much and seek for a dissolution of the marriage.

Service Members and Divorce

Divorce is any situation can be challenging both emotionally and physically. For active military members, navigating all the legal details and emotions can seem daunting. A good first step is to contact your local Armed Forces Legal Assistance office; however it should be noted that the military considers divorce as a “private civil matter to be addressed by a civilian court”1. As a result it is important to contact an experienced divorce attorney.

Divorce in Arizona

It should be noted that wherever the divorce is filed that states marital and divorce laws apply. As a result Arizona is a no-fault and community property state. Meaning there is no need to prove grounds for a divorce filed in AZ and the division of property follows community property law respectively.

Servicemembers Civil Relief Act

For service members the  Servicemembers Civil Relief Act provides protections and services such as providing a 90 day “stay” or postponement of civil court matters, in the which divorce proceedings apply. This allows for the uniformed member the time to prepare and arrange properly for proceedings. From the Military One Resource website it states: “Postponed civil court matters — If you cannot participate in a civil court action or administrative proceeding because of your military service, you can request a 90-day delay, or stay, in the proceeding. You are automatically entitled to this delay if you follow all of the requirements. The judge, magistrate or hearing officer can grant an additional 90-day stay. Proceedings may include actions for divorce, child paternity and support cases, and foreclosure proceedings. This protection does not apply to any criminal court or criminal administrative proceedings. “2

 

Speak with an Experienced Family Law Attorney

Once again as divorce is considered a private civilian matter, having an experienced divorce and family law attorney representing you is very important. This becomes even more critical when children and assets, including military benefits and pensions, are involved. If you or your spouse is seeking a divorce in Arizona, contact us  to arrange a private consultation.

We are the Attorneys of Duenas Eden Law, in Phoenix, Arizona. We will work with you one-on-one as your lawyer to help and guide you in your divorce. Our Office in the Ahwatukee area of Phoenix, AZ and we serve the communities of Ocotillo, Chandler, Laveen, Tempe, Mesa, Gilbert and San Tan Valley. Call today: (480) 285-1735.

At Duenas Eden, the health and safety of our employees and clients is of utmost importance. We are currently working remotely, but are available to address your individual needs. We have added new telephone numbers to better assist you. Please call or text attorney Amy Duenas at (602) 492-5636, attorney Dorian Eden at (480) 269–1731, or paralegal Chris Esparza at (480) 269-2158.  Our main office number of (480) 285-1735 is still being monitored hourly. Thank you for your patience during this difficult time for all.

 

Sources:

1. https://www.militaryonesource.mil/financial-legal/legal/family-legal-issues/managing-the-divorce-process

2. https://www.militaryonesource.mil/family-relationships/relationships/relationship-challenges-and-divorce/servicemembers-civil-relief-act


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